3 inch Carved lacquer ware jewellery box 3寸雕漆首饰盒
[Specification] outer diameter 7.4cm
Inner diameter 5.4cm
Outer height 3.5cm
【规格】外直径 7.4cm [Specification] outer diameter 7.4cm
内直径 5.4cm Inner diameter 5.4cm
外高度 3.5cm Outer height 3.5cm
Asian lacquer ware is well known to art collectors worldwide, and is the result of some of the finest craftsmanship techniques in the world. Lacquer ware is
created by applying lacquer to wooden objects to give it a fine finish and luster. The craft was developed in China.
The History of Lacquer Ware
Evidence indicates that the practice of lacquering objects began over 4000 years ago, where it was used to coat common objects like furniture, and personal items like earrings and combs. This type of lacquering was more functional in nature, as the lacquer added sturdiness and smoothness to the objects.
At the same time, Chinese artisans were developing lacquering techniques along more artistic lines, they added color to their lacquer and were using lacquer to make items more aesthetically pleasing.
The Process of Creating Lacquer ware
Lacquer comes from the sap of the tree species, Rhus Veniciflua, commonly known as the Varnish Tree. This tree can be found throughout China, but it originated in Central Asia. It is a member of the Anacardiaceae family, and shares relations with the cashew, mango and pistachio tree.
Harvesting lacquer from the Varnish Tree is relatively simple: The technique varies depending on what region of Asia you are in, but generally, five to ten horizontal cuts are made in the tree’s trunk parallel to one another. As the sap oozes out of these cuts, it is scraped and collected.
After being treated to remove impurities, the lacquer sap is called crude lacquer. Crude lacquer is used as a primer on most lacquer ware. To increase the quality of the crude lacquer, it is heated between 35 and 45 degrees Celsius. It is then known as Kurome lacquer. Another type of lacquer can be created when crude lacquer is heated at 60 degrees Celsius, this is called Hosezu lacquer and will not dry and harden. Hosezu lacquer is mixed into Kurome lacquer to help speed up or slow down the drying process. The speed of the drying process can vary, depending on lacquer quality, heat and humidity.
Color can then be added to the lacquer by mixing oil or color pigments, and then it can be used as a top layer, giving the object a sturdy and glossy shine. If color is not added, the natural state of lacquer gives the object a transparent, rich brown hue.