Top Ten Places of Interest in China (1) 中国十大名胜古迹(一)


        China’s top ten scenic spots and historical sites refer to the Great Wall of China, Guilin Landscape, Beijing Forbidden City, Hangzhou West Lake, Suzhou Garden, which was initiated by China Travel News in 1985 and organized by the people of the country after more than half a year. Anhui Huangshan, Yangtze River Three Gorges, Taiwan Sun Moon Lake, Chengde Mountain Resort, Xi’an Qin Terracotta Warriors and Ten Scenic Spots. These ten scenic spots are distributed in various areas of the east, west, south and north of the motherland, including natural landscapes, historical buildings, cultural landscapes and cultural relics.

万里长城Great Wall

古迹简介Brief introduction

The Great Wall is a collective term for the vast military engineering that ancient China built at different times to resist the invasion of the Saibei nomadic tribes.


        The Great Wall stretches over thousands of miles, so it is also known as the Great Wall. The existing remains of the Great Wall are mainly built in the Ming Dynasty in the 14th century, from Jiayuguan in the west to Hushan in Liaodong in the east, with a total length of 8851.8 kilometers, with an average height of 6 to 7 meters and a width of 4 to 5 meters. The Great Wall is a great miracle created by the working people of ancient China and a testimony to China’s long history. Together with Tiananmen Square and Terracotta Warriors, it is regarded by the world as a symbol of China. At the same time, the Great Wall was listed as a World Cultural Heritage in December 1987.
        The Great Wall is a great military building in China. It is a large-scale miracle in the history of ancient human architecture. The Great Wall Belt, which consists of vast areas of north and south, which is dominated by the Great Wall of China in the north of China, runs through Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Gansu, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Shandong and Jilin, Heilongjiang and Qinghai. A considerable part of the provinces (municipalities and autonomous regions) of Xinjiang, including the historical period of the Republic of Mongolia and several areas of the Korean Peninsula. Its range is hundreds of kilometers wide to thousands of kilometers from north to south, and thousands of kilometers from east to west. The Great Wall has been inhabited by many ethnic groups since ancient times. The development of various ethnic groups and their mutual relations is the key to observing and understanding all things in the Great Wall.
        In the course of historical development, the ancient nationalities in the Great Wall have disappeared, and some new ethnic groups have been merged. They are closely related to more than 20 ethnic groups distributed in the Great Wall. All ethnic groups that have disappeared or continue to develop have made important contributions to the historical development of China.
        The Great Wall is the product of the development of ancient Chinese ethnic relations, but the research on the inner development law of the relationship between the South and the North of the Great Wall is still insufficient. Summarize the existing research results, broaden the research field, reveal the inner relationship between the Great Wall and the development of Chinese national relations, and develop the research on the disciplines of Great Wall Studies, ethnology and the history of Chinese ethnic relations, which has great practical significance for promoting national unity. Important theoretical research value.

主要景观Main landscape

The main landscapes of the Great Wall are: Badaling Great Wall, Mutianyu Great Wall, Simatai Great Wall, Shanhaiguan, Jiayuguan, Hushan Great Wall, and Jiumenkou Great Wall.

八达岭Badaling Great Wall

        The Badaling Great Wall in Yanqing County, Beijing is the best preserved and most representative section of the Ming Great Wall. Here is the outpost of the important gate of Juyongguan, with an altitude of 1015 meters. The terrain is dangerous and has always been a battleground for the military. The Great Wall, where you can climb, can take a commanding view of the mountains and mountains. So far, more than 300 famous people including Nixon and Margaret Thatcher have visited here.

慕田峪Mutianyu Great Wall

        Located in the Huairou District of Beijing, since the ancient times, the military has been fighting for a total of 22 enemy stations. The natural scenery here is beautiful, the trees are shaded and the scenery of the four seasons is pleasant.

司马台Simatai Great Wall

山海关–天下第一关  Shanhaiguan–the first level in the world
Located in Miyun County, Beijing, and built by Qi Jiguang, it is the only Great Wall in China that preserves the original appearance of the Ming Dynasty and was designated as the “Original Great Wall” by UNESCO. There are 20 enemy stations, which are well preserved so far. Shanhaiguan: Shanhaiguan in Qinhuangdao is the starting point of the eastern end of the Great Wall. It was built in 1381 (Ming Hongwu years) and has the reputation of “the first pass in the world”. The city is 14 meters high and 7 meters thick, and the defense system is quite complete. Ascend to the tower, you can see the vast sea of blue water and the vast wall of the city, the scenery is majestic.



        The westernmost starting point of the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty was built in 1372 AD (Ming Hongwu five years). It is the most complete preserved city gate, the first pass of Hexi, the world’s first Xiongguan, and an important stop on the Silk Road. . Chengguan is a complete military defense system consisting of inner city, outer city and city. The city gate is dominated by the inner city, which is made of loess, and the outer bread is made of city bricks, which is strong and majestic. The walls at both ends of the city gate cross the Gobi, where you can experience the desolateness of the desert city.


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